Surah al-A`raf (The Elevated Places) 7 : 175
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(of the) one whom
We gave [him]
but he detached
so followed him
and he became
those ne astray
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
* These Ayat are the amongst the strongest warnings for the scholars and people of Knowledge - those who know yet begin to act contrary to what they have learnt and turn their backs on what they have learnt - like a snake that sheds its skin.
The sūrah then gives an example of the practical effects of deviation from sound human nature, betraying its covenant and abandoning God’s revelations after having learnt them. The example is shown through a person who has been given God’s revelations, plain, direct and easy to grasp. However, he discards them, turning away, clinging to the life of this world and following his desire. This means that he neither fulfils his first covenant nor follows the revelations providing him with clear guidance. Hence, Satan overpowers him and he stands rejected by God, unable to enjoy security or peace.
In its inimitable style, the Qur’ān does not describe this example in such terms. It brings it within a very lively scene, with violent movement, distinctive lines, clear reactions combining both the effect of a bustling life with that of a highly inspiring style.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah 6: al-An’am (The Grazing Livestock), i.e. the last year of the Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two were sent down earlier. The manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. [Ref: Mawdudi]
It is considered the longest surah revealed during the Makkan period. Some consider this surah to have been revealed after Surah 38: Sad. [Ref: Tafsir al-Maudheei, Dr. Mustafah Muslim, vol. 3, p. 2]
8. Reasons for Revelation[ edit ]
9. Relevant Hadith[ edit ]
The Prophet Muhammad [saw] said,
إنَّ ما أتخوَّفُ عليكم رجُلٌ قرَأ القُرآنَ حتَّى إذا رُئِيَتْ بهجتُه عليه وكان رِدْئًا للإسلامِ غيَّره إلى ما شاء اللهُ فانسلَخ منه ونبَذه وراءَ ظَهرِه وسعى على جارِه بالسَّيفِ ورماه بالشِّركِ ) قال : قُلْتُ : يا نبيَّ اللهِ أيُّهما أَوْلى بالشِّركِ المَرْميُّ أم الرَّامي ؟ قال : ( بلِ الرَّامي
“Indeed what I fear most for you all is that a man recites the Qur’ān until you can see the effects on his face [enlightened] and he will be like a shield for Islam by the persmission of Allah, then he detatches himself [from the Qur’ān], he ‘threw’ it behind himself and he rushed upon his neighbour with the sword and he will accuse him of Shirk [polytheism].” One of the companions said “O Prophet of Allah which of them will be the polytheist, the accuser or the one accused? He [saw] said, “The accuser.” [Ibn Hibban no. 81 - صحيح [Sahih]