Surah al-A`raf (The Elevated Places) 7 : 139

إِنَّ هَٰٓؤُلَآءِ مُتَبَّرٌ مَّا هُمْ فِيهِ وَبَٰطِلٌ مَّا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
Indeed, those [worshippers] - destroyed is that in which they are [engaged], and worthless is whatever they were doing."

Qur'an Dictionary

Click word/image to view Qur'an Dictionary
Word Arabic word
(7:139:1)

(7:139:2)

(7:139:3)
mutabbarun
destroyed
(7:139:4)

(7:139:5)

(7:139:6)

(7:139:7)
wabāṭilun
and vain
(7:139:8)

(7:139:9)
kānū
they used to
(7:139:10)
yaʿmalūna
do

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

Moses explains to his people what may result out of their request, pointing to the terrible end that awaits those whom they wanted to imitate, making gods similar to theirs. Their idolatry, and the type of life they lead on the basis of such beliefs are in vain. The large army of functionaries,  clerics and the rulers who derive their authority from such a chaotic mess and all the erroneous concepts and corrupted life that result from deviating away from belief in one God are of no avail. They will all end in ruin. But Moses’s anger at his people’s attitude takes an even stronger expression and in a higher pitch that also wonders at how they could so quickly forget God’s grace when its manifestations are still there.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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A study of its contents clearly shows that the period of its revelation is about the same as that of Surah 6: al-An’am (The Grazing Livestock), i.e. the last year of the Prophet's life at Makkah, but it cannot be asserted with certainty which of these two were sent down earlier. The manner of its admonition clearly indicates that it belongs to the same period. [Ref: Mawdudi]

It is considered the longest surah revealed during the Makkan period. Some consider this surah to have been revealed after Surah 38: Sad. [Ref: Tafsir al-Maudheei, Dr. Mustafah Muslim, vol. 3, p. 2]

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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