Surah al-Fatihah (The Opening) 1 : 4

مَٰلِكِ يَوْمِ ٱلدِّينِ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
Master of the Day of Judgment.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

This verse states a fundamental Islamic principle that has a most profound influence on human life: belief in the hereafter. The Qur’ān comments on the curious fact that people have often believed in God as Creator but have failed to believe in a Day of Judgement, in a life to come, when reward and punishment are meted out to restore the balance of justice. It is in reference to these that the Qur’ān says: “If you ask them, ‘Who is it that created the heavens and the earth?’ they will surely answer, ‘God’” (31:25) Elsewhere the Qur’ān says of such people: “They deem it strange that a warner should have come to them from their own midst. Thus, the unbelievers say, A strange thing is this! [Are we to be resurrected] after we have died and become mere dust? Such a return seems far-fetched indeed!’“ (50: 2-3)

Belief in the hereafter is essential because it engages the human soul and mind and concentrates man’s attention on a future existence. This in turn helps to rein in man’s obsession with the present life, and to transcend his immediate earthly desires. He is no  longer  anxious  to  reap  all  his  rewards  here  and  now;  he  can  conquer  his selfishness and develop altruistic feelings and interests. Man is able to go through life as a motivated, tolerant, confident and optimistic being.

  • كأنه سبحانه يقول: يا عبادي إن كنتم تحمدون وتعظمون للكمال الذاتي والصفاتي فاحمدوني فإني أنا «الله»، وإن كان للإحسان والتربية والإنعام فإني أنا «رب العالمين»، وإن كان للرجاء والطمع في المستقبل فإني أنا «الرحمن الرحيم»، وإن كان للخوف فإني أنا «مالك يوم الدين». الألوسي: 1/86. [Be first to translate this...]

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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It is one of the very earliest revelations to the Prophet. As a matter of fact, we learn from authentic hadith that it was the first complete Surah which was revealed to Prophet Muhammad. Before this, only a few verses were revealed which form parts of Surah 96: al-‘Alaq (The Clinging Substance) Surah 68: al-Qalam (The Pen), Surah 73: al-Muzzammil (The Enwrapped One) and Surah 74: al-Muddathir (The Cloaked One).

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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