Overview - Surah 106: al-Quraish ([the tribe of] Quraysh)

Surah Introduction

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It reminded the people of Makkah that it was Allah who gave them honor and prestige among other tribes due to His House, the Ka’bah, so why not worship Him and obey His command.  It is similarly a reminder to others to worship Allah who provides everything.

This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, لِإِيلَافِ قُرَيْشٍ "For the accustomed security of the Quraysh -" [106:1]

There are 4 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat4
Total Words *17
Root Words *13
Unique Root Words *0
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 29th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 7th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam
Events during/after still to occur*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2,Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3,Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey,1st Pledge of Aqabah,2nd Pledge of Aqabah,,Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah,Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr,Battle of Uhud,,Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah,Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers,,Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain,Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk,Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Ka’bah, Quraysh

Central Theme

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Theme 1: The favours of Allah upon the tribe of Quraysh.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah al-Fil [105] and al-Quraish [106] - The incident of the Elephant was related to what happened to the tribe of the Quraish and the following Surah is also about the Quraish.

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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