Surah al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage ) 22 : 29
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let them end
their prescribed duties
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
The sacrifice signals the end of the state of consecration, or iĥrām, which means that the pilgrim may now shave his head, or cut his hair. Other iĥrām restrictions, such as prohibiting the plucking of armpit hair and nail cutting, are also relaxed. All this is referred to in this Qur’ānic verse: “Thereafter let them complete the rites prescribed for them, fulfil their vows...” These vows are concerned with whatever people might have pledged to God, other than the sacrifice that is part of the pilgrimage rituals. “And again walk around the Ancient House.” This is a reference to the ţawāf of ifāđah, which falls due after attendance at `Arafāt. This ţawāf is also different from the ţawāf of farewell which is offered shortly before departing from Makkah.
The Ancient House refers to the Sacred Mosque which God made immune from the power of all tyrants, and against collapse through the passage of time. It continues to be visited, ever since the time of Abraham, and will continue to be so for as long as God wills.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
As this Surah contains the characteristics of both the Makkan and the MadÄ«nan Surahs the commentators have differed as to its period of revelation but in the light of its style and themes we are of the opinion that a part of it (v. 1-24) was sent down in the last stage of the Makkan life of the Prophet a little before migration and the rest (v. 25-78) during the first stage of his Madinah life. That is why this Surah combines the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madinah Surahs.
According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and other great commentators, v. 39 is the first verse that grants the Muslims permission to wage war. Collections of hadith and books on the life of the Prophet confirm that after this permission actual preparations for war were started and the first expedition was sent to the coast of the Red Sea in Safar 2 A.H. which is known as the Expedition of Waddan or Al-Abwa.