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It is referred to as ‘an-Nisa’ [The Women] – many of the rulings regarding women and family life are in this Surah. The word 'an-Nisa' occurs with more frequency in this Surah then in any other Surah - being mentioned 18 times [Interestingly, the word Man/Men - occur more times in this Surah than any other Surah - total of 8 times].
According to many scholars, the Surah was revealed after the Battle of Uhud, which left 70 of the Muslims killed. This situation brought about the need to address issues such as inheritance left by those killed etc. Hence in Surah an-Nisa, Allah Almighty address issues such as dealing with orphans [including children of those killed at Uhud] and inheritance.
There are 176 Ayaat in this Surah.