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The Surah answers some questions that the Mushrikin of Makkah posed to the Prophet (saw). The answers came in a very clear way and also challenged them to accept the message of Islam. In this Surah we have the stories of: the People of the Cave, the man who had two gardens and was very proud of himself, Prophet Moses with a special teacher, Dhul-Qarnain a pious ruler. These stories are told to emphasize the value of faith, knowledge and patience and the relativity of time.
The Surah is named after the Cave which the Youth retreated to for protection, as mentioned in Ayat , "And when you have withdrawn from them and that which they worship other than Allah, retreat to the Cave.... " [18:16]
There are 110 Ayat in this Surah.