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This Surah concentrates on some important moral and spiritual principles. It emphasizes that human beings always need divine guidance. Without the guidance of Allah, humans end up in evil, sin and misery. Human beings must have good relations with each other and live in a society built on the principles of faith, justice and morality. The Surah talks about the evils of pride and arrogance and urges human beings to reflect on Allah's signs and be humble before Him in prayers.
The Surah takes the name ‘al-Isra’ from the first Ayat of the Surah. “Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al-Aqsa”. The Isra in ‘al-Isra wal-Mi’raj’ – is the first part of the journey which took place from Makkah to Jerusalem – the ‘Mir’aj’ being the ascension from Jerusalem to the Heavens.
The surah is also referred as ‘Bani Israel’ – Children of Israel.
There are 111 Ayat in this Surah.