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Surah al-Baqarah is the longest Surah of the Qur'an with 286 Ayat, has the longest Ayat of the Qur'an (2:282), the greatest Ayat of the Qur'an (2:255), and reportedly the last Ayat of the Qur'an revealed (2:281). The Surah, revealed in Madinah, deals with a number of issues related to Guidance, Allah’s Governance on Earth, history of previous Muslim Ummah and instructions for the new Muslim Ummah.
The Surah begins with the statement that it is Allah who revealed this book (the Qur'an) for the guidance of those who are conscious of Allah. Only those who seek guidance can benefit from the guidance of this Book. There are three types of human beings:
The name of the Surah has been mentioned in many authentic hadeeth as ‘al-Baqarah’ as is mentioned by the Prophet, ‘the last two Ayaat from the end of Surah al-Baqarah – whoever reads them at night it will suffice him.’ [Bukhari no. 4753]
Other names used for this Surah include;
There are 286 Ayat of Surah al-Baqarah.