Overview - Surah 95: at-Tin (The Fig)

Naming Convention of the Surah

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This Surah takes its name after the first Ayat, وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ "By the fig and the olive" [95:1]. The word "fig" only appears in this Surah and nowhere else in the Qur'an.

There are 8 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat8
Total Words34
Root Words25
Unique Root Words1
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 28th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 5th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam ,
Events during/after still to occur*
2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, 1st Pledge of Aqabah, 2nd Pledge of Aqabah, , Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah, Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, , Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah, Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers, , Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain, Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk, Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation,
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
God (best of all judges) , Fig, Humankind (created in fine form) , Judgement, Mountains, Olive, Sinai Mt.,

Central Theme

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Its theme is the rewards and punishments of the Hereafter. For this purpose first swearing an oath by the habitats of some illustrious Prophets, it has been stated that God has created man in the most excellent of moulds. Although at other places in the Qur’an, this truth has been expressed in different ways, for example, at some places it has been said: “God appointed man His vicegerent on the earth and commanded the angels to bow down to him” (Surah 2: al-Baqarah (The Cow) 30,34, Surah 6: al-An’am (The Grazing Livestock) 165, Surah 7: al-A’raf (The Elevations) 11, Surah 15: al-Hijr (The Valley of Stone) 28,29, Surah 27: an-Naml (The Ants) 62) at others that: “Man has become bearer of the Divine trust, which the earth and the heavens and the mountains did not have the power to bear” (Surah 33: al-Ahzab (The Confederates) 72); and at still others that: “And We have certainly honoured the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with [definite] preference.” (Surah 17: al-Isra’ (The Night Journey) 70), yet here the statement made an oath in particular by the habitats of the Prophets that man has been created in the finest of moulds, signifies that mankind has been blessed with such an excellent mould and nature that it gave birth to men capable of attaining to the highest position of Prophethood, a higher position than which has not been attained by any other creature of God

Then, it has been stated that there are two kinds of men; those who in spite of having been created in the finest of mould, become inclined to evil and their moral degeneration causes them to be reduced to the lowest of the low, and those who by adopting the way of faith and righteousness remain secure from the degeneration and consistent with the noble position, which is the necessary demand of their having been created in the best of molds. The existence among mankind of both these kinds of men is such a factual thing which no one can deny, for it is being observed and experienced in society everywhere at all times.

In conclusion, this factual reality has been used as an argument to prove that when among the people there are these two separate and quite distinct kinds, how can one deny the judgment and retribution for deeds? If the morally degraded are not punished and the morally pure and exalted are not rewarded and both end in the dust alike, it would mean that there is no justice in the Kingdom of God; whereas human nature and common sense demand that a judge should do justice. How then can one conceive that God, Who is the most just of all judges, would not do justice?

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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The Virtues of the Surah

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  • Narrated Al-Bara: "The Prophet (ﷺ) was on a journey and recited in one of the first two rak`at of the `Isha' prayer "Wa t-teeni wa z-zaitun [95:1]. "  Bukhari no. 767

Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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The word "fig" only appears in this Surah and nowhere else in the Qur'an.

 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Unique Root Words to this Surah only


1 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
Frequency
in Qur'an
ح ك م 2 210
أ م ن 2 879
س ف ل 2 10
ح س ن 1 194
ك ذ ب 1 282
ط و ر 1 11
ع م ل 1 360
ق و م 1 660
ب ع د 1 235
ب ل د 1 19

Period of Revelation

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According to Qatadah, this Surah is Madīnan. Two different views have been reported from lbn Abbas: first that it is a Makkan Surah, and second that it is Madīnan. But the majority of scholars regard it as a Makkan revelation, a manifest symbol of which is the use of the words ‘this city of peace’ (ha-dhal-balad-il-amin) for Makkah.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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  • Bar’a said, سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ فِي الْعِشَاءِ ‏{‏وَالتِّينِ وَالزَّيْتُونِ‏}‏ فَمَا سَمِعْتُ أَحَدًا أَحْسَنَ صَوْتًا أَوْ قِرَاءَةً مِنْهُ “I heard the Prophet [saw] reciting Surat at-Tin waz Zaitun [95: By the Fig and the Olive] in the Isha prayer and I have never heard anybody with a better voice or recitation than his.” [Bukhari no. 7546 - صحيح [Sahih]

Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • Man is the best creature of all, except the disbelievers.

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Miscellaneous Issues

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Fig is a soft, sweet fruit. Its skin is very thin and has many small seeds inside of it. There are more than 850 species of Ficus, the fig tree. The fruits can be eaten when ripe and when dried. Figs grow in warm climates.  Figs are a popular snack and are pollinated by fig wasps.