Overview - Surah 84: al-Inshiqaq (The Splitting )

Surah Introduction

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This Surah tells us that this world has no permanence.  It also speaks about the record of deeds and the rewards of the righteous and the punishment of the wicked.  It reminds people to pay attention to the Qur'an.

The Surah takes its name after the first Ayat, إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انشَقَّتْ "When the sky has split [open]" [84:1]

There are 25 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat25
Total Words *107
Root Words *58
Unique Root Words *0
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 83rd (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation*
Events during/before this Surah*
N/A
Events during/after still to occur*
N/A
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Astronomy (celestial mechanics) (moon), Astronomy (sunset) , Earth (condition of at the time of resurrection) , Hell, Judgement (Day) (levelled), Judgement (Day) (rent asunder), Qur’an, Record of personal deeds

Central Theme

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Its theme is the Resurrection and Hereafter. In the first five verses not only have the state of Resurrection been described vividly but an argument of its being true and certain also have been given. It has been stated that the heavens on that Day will split asunder, the earth will be spread out plain and smooth, and it will throw out whatever lies inside it of the dead bodies of men and evidences of their deeds so as to become completely empty from within. The argument given for it is that such will be the Command of their Lord for the heavens and the earth; since both are His creation and cannot dare disobey His Command. For them the only right and proper course is that they should obey the Command of their Lord.

Then, in v. 6-19 it has been said that whether man is conscious of this fact or not, he in any case is moving to the destination where he will appear and stand before his Lord. At that time all human beings will divide into two parts: first those whose records will be given in their right hands: they will be forgiven without any severe reckoning; second those whose records will be given them behind their back. They will wish that they should die somehow, but they will not die; instead they will be cast into Hell. They will be met with this fate because in the world they remained lost in the misunderstanding that they would never have to appear before God to render an account of their deeds, whereas their Lord was watching whatever they were doing and there was no reason why they should escape the accountability for their deeds. Their moving gradually from the life of the world to the meting out of rewards and punishments in the Hereafter was as certain as the appearance of twilight after sunset, the coming of the night after the day, the returning of men and animals to their respective abodes at night and the growing of the crescent into full moon. In conclusion, the disbelievers who repudiate the Qur’an instead of bowing down to God when they hear it, have been forewarned of a grievous punishment and the good news of limitless rewards has been given to the believers and the righteous.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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The Virtues of the Surah

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Ibn Umar narrated that: "The Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Resurrection, as if he is seeing it with his very eyes, then let him read: "When the sun is wrapped up [in darkness]" [SurahTakwir 81] and "When the sky has split [open]" and [Surah al-Inshiqaq 84]. Tirmidhee no. 3333

Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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123 Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Period of Revelation

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This is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah. The internal evidence of its subject matter indicates that persecution of the Muslims had not yet started; however, the message of the Qur’an was being openly repudiated at Makkah and the people were refusing to acknowledge that Resurrection would ever take place when they would have to appear before their God to render an account of their deeds.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • On Doomsday heaven will split asunder and earth will be spread out.
  • The books of deeds will be distributed and the righteous will be happy while disbelievers will be calling for death.
  • The people are asked to believe while they have time during their life on earth.

Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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