Overview - Surah 46: al-Ahqaf (Sand Dunes)

Naming Convention of the Surah

[ edit ]

The Surah takes its name from the Ayat, وَاذْكُرْ أَخَا عَادٍ إِذْ أَنذَرَ قَوْمَهُ بِالْأَحْقَافِ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ النُّذُرُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا اللَّـهَ إِنِّي أَخَافُ عَلَيْكُمْ عَذَابَ يَوْمٍ عَظِيمٍ "And mention, [O Muhammad], the brother of 'Aad, when he warned his people in the [region of] al-Ahqaf - and warners had already passed on before him and after him - [saying], "Do not worship except Allah. Indeed, I fear for you the punishment of a terrible day." (46:21).

The following Surahs all have the letters, Ha-Meem as their opening Ayaat and interestingly what is common to all of them is their mentioning of the Prophet Musa. These Surahs are;

Surah 40: al-Ghafir
Surah 41: Fussilat
Surah 42: Shurah
Surah 43: Zukhruf
Surah 44: Dukhan
Surah 45: Jathiyah
Surah 46: al-Ahqaaf

There are 35 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat35
Total Words643
Root Words185
Unique Root Words1
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 66th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 10th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam ,
Events during/after still to occur*
1st Pledge of Aqabah, 2nd Pledge of Aqabah, , Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah, Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, , Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah, Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers, , Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain, Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk, Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation,
Names of Prophets Mentioned
Musa,
Surah Index
‘Aad, Adversity (patience during) , Apostasy (do not ask for speedy doom for apostates) , Astronomy (motion of objects in the Universe) , Behaviour (towards parents) , Children, Children (of Israel) , Hell, Hud, Jinn, Moses, Qur’an, Resurrection, Resurrection (Day) , Resurrection (of humans) , Revelation, Weather (rain) , Weather (wind) ,

Central Theme

[ edit ]

The subject matter of the Surah is to warn the disbelievers of the errors in which they were involved, and also persisted arrogantly, and were condemning the man who was trying to redeem them. They regarded the world as a useless and purposeless place where they were not answerable to anyone. They thought that invitation to Monotheism (Tawhid) was false and stuck to the belief that their own deities were actually the associates of God. They were not inclined to believe that the Qur’an was the Word of the Lord of the worlds. They had a strange erroneous concept of apostleship on the basis of which they were proposing strange criteria of judging the Prophet’s claim to it. In their estimation one great proof of Islam’s not being based on the truth was that their elders and important chiefs of the tribes and so called leaders of their nation were not accepting it and only a few young men, and some poor folks and some slaves had affirmed faith in it. They thought that Resurrection and life after death and the rewards and punishments of the Hereafter were fabrications whose occurrence was absolutely out of the question.

In this Surah each of these misconceptions has been refuted in a brief but rational way, and the disbelievers have been warned that, if they would reject the invitation of the Qur’an and the Prophethood of the Prophet Muhammad, by prejudice and stubbornness instead of trying to understand its truth rationally, they would only be preparing for their own doom.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

[ edit ]

Ahqaf is the place of dwellings of the nation of Aad in southern Arabia.

Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

[ edit ]

The Surah begins and ends by drawing the attention of the reader/listener to the the creation of the heavens and earth. By observing the creation we find that nothing exists except it has a specificed and pre-defined purpose. That was determined by the Creator and His creation reflects His grand abilities.

 مَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّ وَأَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى ۚ وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ "We did not create the heavens and earth and what is between them except in truth and [for] a specified term. But those who disbelieve, from that of which they are warned, are turning away." (46:3)

أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ اللَّـهَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ وَلَمْ يَعْيَ بِخَلْقِهِنَّ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَىٰ أَن يُحْيِيَ الْمَوْتَىٰ ۚ بَلَىٰ إِنَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ "Do they not see that Allah, who created the heavens and earth and did not fail in their creation, is able to give life to the dead? Yes. Indeed, He is over all things competent. " (46:33)

Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

[ edit ]

The Virtues of the Surah

[ edit ]

Special Features of the Surah

[ edit ]

Important key and unique words of the Surah

[ edit ]
 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Unique Root Words to this Surah only


1 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
Frequency
in Qur'an
ق و ل 20 1722
أ ل ه 18 2851
ك و ن 16 1390
ٱلَّذِى 15 1464
ق و م 11 660
ب ي ن 9 523
ر أ ي 8 328
ك ف ر 8 525
إِلَىٰ 8 742
إِلَّا 8 663

Period of Revelation

[ edit ]

Background Reasons for Revelation

[ edit ]

Relevant Hadith

[ edit ]

Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

[ edit ]
  • The prayers of a 40 year old monotheistic father for his parents and his children. (46:15)

Tafsir Zone

Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories… Login to enter your comments

Miscellaneous Issues

[ edit ]