Overview - Surah 111: Al-Masad (The Fibre )

Naming Convention of the Surah

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This Surah takes its name from the last Ayat, فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِّن مَّسَدٍ "He will [enter to] burn in a Fire of [blazing] flame." [111:3].

There are 5 Ayat in this Surah.


Total Ayat5
Total Words23
Root Words16
Unique Root Words2
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 6th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 1st-3rd year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam ,
Events during/after still to occur*
Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, 1st Pledge of Aqabah, 2nd Pledge of Aqabah, , Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah, Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, , Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah, Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers, , Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain, Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk, Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation,
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Abu Lahab, Abu Lahab (his wife) , Hell, Materialism,

Central Theme

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Theme 1: The punishment awaiting the enemies of the truth.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah an-Nasr [110] is about the help and victory of Allah to His Messenger. Surah al-Masad [111] is an example of someone who was an enemy to the Messenger and his inevitable end. 

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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  • Abu Lahab is the only enemy of the Prophet Muhammad mentioned by name in the Qur'an.

Important key and unique words of the Surah

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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Unique Root Words to this Surah only

2 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
in Qur'an
ت ب ب 2 4
ل ه ب 2 3
ح ط ب 1 2
ك س ب 1 67
ي د ي 1 120
ج ي د 1 1
ص ل ي 1 25
أ ب و 1 117
ح ب ل 1 7
ن و ر 1 194

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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