Overview - Surah 110: an-Nasr (Victory)

Naming Convention of the Surah

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This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُ اللَّـهِ وَالْفَتْحُ "When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest," [110:1].

There are 3 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat3
Total Words19
Root Words17
Unique Root Words0
Makki / MadaniMadani
Chronological Order* 114th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 23th year of Prophethood (10th Year Hijri)
Events during/before this Surah*
Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation, Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk, Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain, , Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers, Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah, , Battle of Uhud, Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr, Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah, , 2nd Pledge of Aqabah, 1st Pledge of Aqabah, Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam ,
Events during/after still to occur*
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Religion,

Central Theme

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The Surah speaks of the victory and help of Allah.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah an-Nasr [110] is about the help and victory of Allah to His Messenger. Surah al-Masad [111] is an example of someone who was an enemy to the Messenger and his inevitable end. 

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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  • Umar used to make me sit with the elderly men who had fought in the Battle of Badr. Some of them felt it (did not like that) and said to `Umar "Why do you bring in this boy to sit with us while we have sons like him?" `Umar replied, "Because of what you know of his position (i.e. his religious knowledge.)" 

    One day `Umar called me and made me sit in the gathering of those people; and I think that he called me just to show them. (my religious knowledge). `Umar then asked them (in my presence). "What do you say about the interpretation of the Statement of Allah: 'When comes Help of Allah (to you O, Muhammad against your enemies) and the conquest (of Mecca).' (110.1) Some of them said, "We are ordered to praise Allah and ask for His forgiveness when Allah's Help and the conquest (of Mecca) comes to us." 

    Some others kept quiet and did not say anything. On that, `Umar asked me, "Do you say the same, O Ibn `Abbas?" I replied, "No." He said, 'What do you say then?" 

    I replied, "That is the sign of the death of Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) which Allah informed him of. Allah said:-- '(O Muhammad) When comes the Help of Allah (to you against your enemies) and the conquest (of Mecca) (which is the sign of your death). You should celebrate the praises of your Lord and ask for His Forgiveness, and He is the One Who accepts the repentance and forgives.' (110.3) On that `Umar said, "I do not know anything about it other than what you have said." Bukhari 

    [The others had understood only the dhahir [apparent] of the meanings – yet the deeper meanings that Ibn Abbas had understood and Abu Bakr [in the lifetime of the Prophet] that this Surah indicated the death of the Prophet [saw]. If one reflects on the timings of asking forgiveness, one finds these are often towards the end of something, end of the night being the optimum time for forgiveness, the end of the Salah after the tashahud and before the the taslim etc. Hence, they understood that for the Prophet to be told to ask for forgiveness after the people had entered into the fold of Islam in their multitudes meant the coming to the end of the mission of the Prophet [saw], hence his death.

Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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