Overview - Surah 102: at-Takathur (Competition in Increase)

Naming Convention of the Surah

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This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, أَلْهَاكُمُ التَّكَاثُرُ "Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you" [102:1]

There are 8 Ayat in this Surah.


Total Ayat8
Total Words28
Root Words12
Unique Root Words0
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 16th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 4th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam ,
Events during/after still to occur*
Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, 1st Pledge of Aqabah, 2nd Pledge of Aqabah, , Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah, Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr, Battle of Uhud, , Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah, Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers, , Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain, Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk, Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation,
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Grave, Hell, Materialism, Materialism (greed brings destruction) ,

Central Theme

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Theme 1: Warning from being distracted from the after-life.

In it the people have been warned of the evil consequences of world worship because of which they spend their lives in acquiring more and more of worldly wealth, material benefits and pleasures, and position and power, till death, and in vying with one another and bragging and boasting about their acquisitions. This one pursuit has so occupied them that they are left with no time or opportunity for pursuing the higher goals in life. After warning the people of its evil end they have been told as if to say: “These blessings which you are amassing and enjoying thoughtlessly, are not mere blessings but are also a means of your trial. For each one of these blessings and comforts you will surely be called to account in the Hereafter.”

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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The reason for the destruction of the Human is his distraction from what is of most paramount importance, the after-life.

Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Period of Revelation

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Abu Hayyan and Shawkani say that this Surah, according to all commentators, is Makkan, and this same is the well known view according to Iman Suyuti.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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  • The cause of man's destruction is mutual rivalry for worldly gains, and real success is in working for the life Hereafter.
  • Different levels of Yaqin, that which a person knows and that which person sees.

Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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