Overview - Surah 100: al-`Adiyat (The Racers )

Naming Convention of the Surah

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This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ضَبْحًا "By the racers, panting," [100:1]

There are 11 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat11
Total Words40
Root Words25
Unique Root Words5
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 14th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation*
Events during/before this Surah*
N/A
Events during/after still to occur*
N/A
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Fire, Grave, Jihad, Judgement (Day) , Materialism,

Central Theme

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Its object is to make the people realise how evil man becomes when he denies the Hereafter, or becomes heedless of it, and also to warn them that in the Hereafter not only their visible and apparent deeds but even the secrets hidden in their hearts too will be subjected to scrutiny.

For this purpose the general chaos and confusion prevailing in Arabia, with which the whole country was in turmoil, has been presented as an argument. Bloodshed, loot and plunder raged on every side. Tribes were subjecting tribes to raids, and no one could have peaceful sleep at night from fear that some enemy tribe might raid his settlement early in the morning. Every Arab was fully conscious of this state of affairs and realised that it was wrong. Although the plundered bemoaned his miserable, helpless state and the plunderer rejoiced, yet when the plunderer himself was plundered, he too realised how wretched was the condition in which the whole nation was involved. Referring to this very state of affairs, it has been said: Unaware of the second life after death and his accountability before God in it, man has become ungrateful to his Lord and Sustainer. He is using the powers and abilities given by God for perpetrating tyranny and pillage; blinded by the love of worldly wealth he tries to obtain it by every means, however impure and filthy, and his own state itself testifies that by abusing the powers bestowed by his Lord, he is being ungrateful to Him. He would never have behaved so, had he known the time when the dead will be raised from the graves, and when the intentions and motives with which he had done all sorts of deeds in the world, will be exposed and brought out before everyone to see. At that time the Lord and Sustainer of men shall be well informed of what one had done and what punishment or reward one deserved.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah al-Adhiyat [100] and al-Qari'ah [101] both have 11 Ayat.

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat)

Unique Root Words to this Surah only


5 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
Frequency
in Qur'an
ر ب ب 2 980
ث و ر 1 5
ص د ر 1 46
ض ب ح 1 1
ع ل م 1 854
ك ن د 1 1
ن ق ع 1 1
خ ب ر 1 52
و ر ي 1 32
إِذَا 1 409

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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  • Ibn Abbas said, “A man came to me and asked me about the Ayat, وَٱلْعَـٰدِيَـٰتِ ضَبْحًا “By (the horses) that charge snorting,”  So I said, “These are the horses galloping for the sake of Allah.”…..Then this man went to Ali ibn Abi Talib and asked him the same question. He said, “Have you asked anyone this question before me?” The man said, “Yes, I asked Ibn Abbas and he said it is [in reference to] horses galloping for the sake of Allah.” Ali said, “Go and call him to me.” Ibn Abbas came to him and Ali told him, “Are you giving verdicts to the people without knowledge. The first battle of Islam was at Badr, so how can the meaning be that of a knight [galloping]? The galloping here [in this Ayah] is the horses who are galloping from Arafah to Muzdalifah and Mina.” Ibn Abbas said, “I retracted what I said and agreed with Ali” [Tabari]

Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • An example that horses are more grateful to their owners than men are to their Rabb (Allah).

Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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