Overview - Surah 82: al-Infitar (The Cleaving Asunder )

Surah Introduction

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The Surah reminds the human being that Allah has given them a wonderful proportionate shape, but they and the whole universe are totally dependent upon Allah.  The creation has a purpose and the Day of Judgment will come.

The Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انفَطَرَتْ "When the sky breaks apart" [81:1]

There are 19 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat19
Total Words *80
Root Words *40
Unique Root Words *0
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 82nd (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation*
Events during/before this Surah*
N/A
Events during/after still to occur*
N/A
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Angels (guardian) , Grave, Hell, Judgement, Judgement (Day) , Judgement (Day) (seas will burst beyond their bounds), Judgement (Day) (rent asunder), Judgement (Day) (scattered), Resurrection (of soul)

Central Theme

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Its theme is the Hereafter. According to a hadith related in Musnad Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn al-Mundhir, Tabarani, Hakim and Ibn Marduyah, on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar, the Messenger said: “The one who wants that he should see the Resurrection Day as one would see it with one’s eyes, should read Surah At-Takwir, Surah Al-Infitar and Surah Al-Ishiqaq.”

In this Surah, first the Resurrection Day has been described and it is said that when it occurs, every person will see whatever he has done in the world. After this, man has been asked to ponder the question: “O man, what has deluded you into thinking that the God, Who brought you into being and by Whose favour and bounty you possess the finest body, limbs and features among all creatures, is only bountiful and not just? His being bountiful and generous does not mean that you should become fearless of His justice.” Then, man has been warned, as to say: “Do not remain involved in any misunderstanding. Your complete record is being prepared. There are trustworthy writers who are writing down whatever you do.” In conclusion, it has been forcefully stated that the Day of Resurrection will surely take place when the righteous shall enjoy every kind of bliss in Paradise and the wicked shall be punished in Hell. On that day, no one shall avail anyone anything. All powers of judgment shall be with God.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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The Virtues of the Surah

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  • Ibn Umar narrated that: "The Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever wishes to look at the Day of Resurrection, as if he is seeing it with this eye, then let him recite: ‘When the sun Kuwwirat’ and ‘When the heaven is cleft sunder (Infatarat) and ‘When the heaven is split asunder.’” [SurahTakwir 81]. Tirmidhee no. 3333

Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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123 Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • A description as to what will happen on the Day of Judgement.
  • Guardian angels are assigned to each individual who are recording each and every action.
  • Allah Himself will be the Judge on the Day of Judgement.

Tafsir Zone

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Miscellaneous Issues

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