Overview - Surah 64: at-Taghabun (The Deprivation)

Surah Introduction

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The Surah invites to faith, obedience of Allah and good morals. It warns about the evil consequences of misdeeds and about the coming of the Day of Judgment when the real success or loss will be manifest.

Sections:

  1. Allah created human beings, some among them are believers and some non-believers.  He knows everything. He sent His Prophets to warn and remind.  Remember the Day of Judgment.
  2. Believe in Allah, purify your motives and be generous in giving for the cause of Allah.

This Surah takes its name from the following Ayat, يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ "The Day He will assemble you for the Day of Assembly - that is the Day of mutual deprivation....." (64:9). The word التَّغَابُنِ [mutual deprivation] is mentioned only once in the Qur'an, in (64:9).

There are 18 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat18
Total Words *241
Root Words *100
Unique Root Words *1
Makki / MadaniMadani
Chronological Order* 108th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation*
Events during/before this Surah*
N/A
Events during/after still to occur*
N/A
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
God (knows that beyond comprehension) , God (wills no wrong to His creation) , Astronomy (motion of objects in the Universe) , Charity, Children, Hell, Judgement (Day) , Materialism, Resurrection, Resurrection (of soul) , Spouses (a time when they are evil for you)

Central Theme

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Theme 1: The true and great loss that the disbelievers will suffer on the Day of Judgement.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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The Surah expounds on the meaning of the mutual loss suffered by men and women on the Day of Judgement. The Day of the final audit.

Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • There is an advice in both Surah al-Munafiqun [63] and at-Taghabun [64] to the believers with respect to their children

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُلْهِكُمْ أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَلَا أَوْلَادُكُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ اللَّـهِ ۚ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْخَاسِرُونَ "O you who have believed, let not your wealth and your children divert you from remembrance of Allah. And whoever does that - then those are the losers." [63:9]

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِنَّ مِنْ أَزْوَاجِكُمْ وَأَوْلَادِكُمْ عَدُوًّا لَّكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُمْ ۚ وَإِن تَعْفُوا وَتَصْفَحُوا وَتَغْفِرُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّـهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ  "O you who have believed, indeed, among your wives and your children are enemies to you, so beware of them. But if you pardon and overlook and forgive - then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful." [64:14]

The Virtues of the Surah

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  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to recite al-Musabbihat before going to sleep, and say: "They contain a verse which is better than a thousand verses." Sunan Abu Dawud no. 5057

Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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(64:9) is the longest Ayat of this Surah with 27 words. It also contains a unique word, التَّغَابُنِ [mutual deprivation] which is mentioned only once in the Qur'an, in (64:9).

 يَوْمَ يَجْمَعُكُمْ لِيَوْمِ الْجَمْعِ ۖ ذَٰلِكَ يَوْمُ التَّغَابُنِ ۗ وَمَن يُؤْمِن بِاللَّـهِ وَيَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُدْخِلْهُ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ  "The Day He will assemble you for the Day of Assembly - that is the Day of Deprivation. And whoever believes in Allah and does righteousness - He will remove from him his misdeeds and admit him to gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment." (64:9)

 

 
Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Unique Root Words to this Surah only


1 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah *

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
Frequency
in Qur'an
أ ل ه 21 2851
ٱلَّذِى 6 1464
ك ف ر 6 525
أ م ن 6 879
ع ل م 5 854
ع م ل 4 360
ر س ل 4 513
ط و ع 4 129
س م و 3 381
أ ر ض 3 461

Period of Revelation

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Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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Miscellaneous Issues

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