Overview - Surah 35: Fatir (The Creator )

Surah Introduction

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In this Surah Allah warns the non-believers on their negative attitude towards Islam and Prophet Muhammad -peace be upon him.  The basic message is also explained to them.


  1. Allah's creative power and His angels.  None can stop the mercy of Allah. Be aware of Satan.
  2. The success of the truth over falsehood will surely come.
  3. Allah has power to remove you and bring another group in your place.  Every people had a Warner.
  4. The true believers in Allah.
  5. Allah's plan cannot be changed or altered.  Allah gives time to people to repent.

This Surah takes it name after the first Ayat, الْحَمْدُ لِلَّـهِ فَاطِرِ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَاعِلِ الْمَلَائِكَةِ رُسُلًا أُولِي أَجْنِحَةٍ مَّثْنَىٰ وَثُلَاثَ وَرُبَاعَ "[All] praise is [due] to Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, [who] made the angels messengers having wings, two or three or four...." (35:1) 

There are 45 Ayat in this Surah.


Total Ayat45
Total Words *775
Root Words *236
Unique Root Words *1
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 43rd (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 8th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam
Events during/after still to occur*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3,Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey,1st Pledge of Aqabah,2nd Pledge of Aqabah,,Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah,Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr,Battle of Uhud,,Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah,Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers,,Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain,Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk,Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Adversity (not burdened with another’s burden) , God (replaces humans with another) , God (knows that beyond comprehension) , Angels, Astronomy (celestial mechanics) (solar and lunar orbits), Astronomy (motion of objects in the Universe) , Charity, Commandments (general religious) , Disbelievers, Disbelievers (God’s promise to) , Diversity (of humans) , Diversity (of life) , Earth, Embryology, Food, Gold, Grave, Hell, Humankind (creation of) (from a drop of sperm), Humankind (creation of) (from dust), Humankind (diversity in) , Iblis, Knowledge, Knowledge (obligation upon man to obtain and impart) , Life (diversity) , Mineralogy, Pearls, Resurrection, Resurrection (Day) , Resurrection (of soul) , Revelation, Ships, Water (two great bodies of) , Weather (clouds) , Weather (lifting) , Weather (rain) , Weather (wind)

Central Theme

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Theme 1: The Mercy of Allah with His Slave.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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The Surah revolves around the theme about the the blessings and mercy of Allah upon his creatures.

Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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  • If they deny you [O Prophet]...In the begining we have the Ayat, وَإِن يُكَذِّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كُذِّبَتْ رُسُلٌ مِّن قَبْلِكَ ۚ وَإِلَى اللَّـهِ تُرْجَعُ الْأُمُورُ "And if they deny you, [O Muhammad] - already were messengers denied before you. And to Allah are returned [all] matters." (35:4). Then we have the Ayat, وَإِن يُكَذِّبُوكَ فَقَدْ كَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ جَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ وَبِالزُّبُرِ وَبِالْكِتَابِ الْمُنِيرِ "And if they deny you - then already have those before them denied. Their messengers came to them with clear proofs and written ordinances and with the enlightening Scripture." (35:25)

Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Both Surah Saba' (34) and al-Fatir (35) begin with the words "Alhamdulillah" All praise is for Allah.....
  • No control of even an atom/speck of dust. Allah Almighty says in Surah Saba', قُلِ ادْعُوا الَّذِينَ زَعَمْتُم مِّن دُونِ اللَّـهِ ۖ لَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَا لَهُمْ فِيهِمَا مِن شِرْكٍ وَمَا لَهُ مِنْهُم مِّن ظَهِيرٍ "Say, [O Muhammad], "Invoke those you claim [as deities] besides Allah." They do not possess an atom's weight [of ability] in the heavens or on the earth, and they do not have therein any partnership [with Him], nor is there for Him from among them any assistant." (34:22). In the following Surah, al-Fatir, Allah Almighty says, وَالَّذِينَ تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِهِ مَا يَمْلِكُونَ مِن قِطْمِيرٍ "....And those whom you invoke other than Him do not possess [as much as] the membrane of a date seed." (35:13)
  • Plotting/scheming. Allah Almighty says in Surah Saba' (34), وَقَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِلَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا بَلْ مَكْرُ اللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ إِذْ تَأْمُرُونَنَا أَن نَّكْفُرَ بِاللَّـهِ وَنَجْعَلَ لَهُ أَندَادًا "Those who were oppressed will say to those who were arrogant, "Rather, [it was your] conspiracy of night and day when you were ordering us to disbelieve in Allah and attribute to Him equals...." (34:33) In Surah al-Fatir, Allah Almighty says in two different Ayaat, وَالَّذِينَ يَمْكُرُونَ السَّيِّئَاتِ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ ۖ وَمَكْرُ أُولَـٰئِكَ هُوَ يَبُورُ " ....but they who plot evil deeds will have a severe punishment, and the plotting of those - it will perish." (35:10) and  اسْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِ ۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِ "[Due to] arrogance in the land and plotting of evil; but the evil plot does not encompass except its own people...." (35:43)

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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123 Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Unique Root Words to this Surah only

1 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah *

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
in Qur'an
أ ل ه 37 2851
ٱلَّذِى 18 1464
ك و ن 12 1390
إِلَّا 11 663
ك ف ر 11 525
أ ر ض 10 461
س م و 9 381
ش ي أ 8 519
إِلَىٰ 8 742
ن ذ ر 7 130

Period of Revelation

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The internal evidence of the style shows that the period of the revelation of this Surah is probably the middle Makkan period when antagonism had grown quite strong so every sort of mischief was being adopted to frustrate the mission of the Prophet.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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  • The many blessings of Allah upon His creatures in this world. (35:3), (35:9), (35:11), (35:12), (35:13), (35:27), (35:28), (35:41), (35:45).
  • The greatest of blessing is the sending the Revelation to the Messenger (35:24).
  • The different groups of people in their relationship to the Qur'an  (35:32).
  • Those who truly fear Allah are those of knowledge [Ulema]  (35:28).
  • None can award or withhold blessings besides Allah.
  • Shaitan is your enemy, so take him as such.
  • The person who considers his evil deeds to be good deeds cannot be guided to the right path.
  • Real honor is in being obedient to Allah.
  • Mankind is in need of Allah while He is not in need of anyone.
  • None can make those who are buried in the grave hear you.
  • Those who recite Al-Qur'an, establish Salah and give Zakah may hope for Allah's blessings and reward.
  • Allah has not sent any Book which has a provision of shirk (worshipping anyone else besides Allah).
  • Plotting evil recoils none but the author of it.
  • If Allah was to punish people for their wrong doing, He would have not left even an animal around them.

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Miscellaneous Issues

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