Overview - Surah 32: as-Sajdah (The Prostration)

Surah Introduction

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The Surah discusses some of the doubts and arguments of the non-believers against the principles of Tawhid, Risalah and Akhirah.  It invites human beings to think and reflect on their own selves and on the nature surrounding them.  Every thing points that there is a Wise and Powerful Creator for this universe. He has not created all this phenomenon in vain. The creation has a purpose.

Sections:

  1. The Qur'an is from the Lord of the Worlds.  Allah created this whole universe.  He created human beings, but some human beings deny the resurrection.
  2. The difference between the Believers and non-Believers.
  3. The Mission of Prophet Moses - peace be upon him. Take lessons from the history of other nations. Signs of resurrection in nature.  

Surah as-Sajdah [The Prostration] has an Ayat of prostration (32:15) [which entails an act of prostration after its recital]. There are 15 places of prostration in the Mushaf. In the 15th Ayat of Surah as-Sajdah [The Prostration], there is a place of Sajdah [prostration] and this Ayat has 15 words.

There are 30 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat30
Total Words *372
Root Words *139
Unique Root Words *1
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 75th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 12th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
2nd Pledge of Aqabah, 1st Pledge of Aqabah, Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2, Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam
Events during/after still to occur*
,Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah,Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr,Battle of Uhud,,Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah,Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers,,Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain,Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk,Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation
Names of Prophets Mentioned
Musa
Surah Index
God (a day for Him is ) (a thousand human years), God (knows that beyond comprehension) , Angels, Children (of Israel) , Death, Earth, Hell, Humankind (creation of) (from clay), Jinn, Judgement (Day) , Moses, Prayer (prostration) , Prayer (times of day of) , Pregnancy, Resurrection (Day) , Resurrection (of soul) , Revelation, Torah, Weather (rain)

Central Theme

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The main theme of the Surah is to remove the doubts of the people concerning Monotheism (Tawhid), the Hereafter, the Prophethood and to invite them to all these three realities. The disbelievers of Makkah when they talked of the Prophet in private would say to one another ‘This person is forging something very strange, sometimes he gives news of what will happen after death. He says: ‘When you have become dust you will be called to render your accounts and there will be Hell and Heaven.’ Sometimes he says: ‘These gods and goddesses and saints are nonentities: One God alone is the Deity.’ And sometimes he says: ‘The discourses which I recite are not my own but God’s Word. All these are strange things which he presents.’ The answer to these doubts and misgivings forms the theme and subject matter of this Surah.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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There are 15 places of prostration in the Mushaf. In the 15th Ayat of Surah as-Sajdah [The Prostration], there is a place of Sajdah [prostration]. The places of prostration in the Mushaf are:

1. Surah al-A'raaf (7:206)

2. Surah ar-Ra'd (13:15)

3. Surah an-Nahl (16:50)

4. surah al-Isra'(17:109)

5. Surah Maryam (19:58)

6. Surah al-Hajj (22:18)

7. Surah al-Hajj 22:77)

8. Surah al-Furqan (25:60)

9. Surah an-Naml (27:26)

10.Surah as-Sajda (32:15)

11.Surah Saad (38:24)

12.Surah Fussilat (41:38)

13.Surah an-Najm (53:62)

14.Surah al-Inshiqaq (84:21)

15.Surah al-Alaq (96:19)

Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah 29, 30, 31 and 32 all begin with ALIF-LAM-MEEM - The same huruf muqatiat [disjointed letters]

The Virtues of the Surah

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  • The Messenger of Allah [saw] would recite Surah as-Sajdah [32] in the first rak'ah of Fajr Salah on Fridays. He would recite Surah al-Insan [76] in the second rak'ah. [Saheeh Muslim]
  • Jabir ibn Abdullah reports that the Messenger of Allah [saw] would not sleep until He had recited Surah as-Sajdah [32] and Surah al-Mulk [67].

Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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123 Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Unique Root Words to this Surah only


1 unique root words that do not appear in any other Surah *

Top 10 Most Frequent Root Words used in this Surah

Root Word Frequency
in Surah
Frequency
in Qur'an
ك و ن 11 1390
ر ب ب 10 980
ٱلَّذِى 8 1464
ق و ل 7 1722
ه د ي 5 316
ي و م 5 405
ع م ل 5 360
خ ل ق 4 261
أ ر ض 4 461
إِلَىٰ 4 742

Period of Revelation

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From the style of the Surah it appears that it was sent down during the early-middle Makkah period. This is due to little reference of the severity of the persecution and tyranny which one finds in the Surahs sent down in the later stages.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • The Qur'an is beyond all doubts and is sent to warn those people to whom no Warner has come before.
  • On the Day of Judgement, the disbelievers shall believe but that belief will be of no benefit to them.
  • There are 15 places of prostration in the Mushaf. In the 15th Ayat of Surah as-Sajdah [The Prostration], there is a place of Sajdah [prostration] and this Ayat has 15 words.
  • There is a special reward for those who forsake their beds and invoke their Rabb with fear and hope, and spend in charity.

    Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Messenger of Allah said:  «قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالى: أَعْدَدْتُ لِعِبَادِي الصَّالِحِينَ مَا لَا عَيْنٌ رَأَتْ، وَلَا أُذُنٌ سَمِعَتْ، وَلَا خَطَرَ عَلى قَلْبِ بَشَر» Allah says: "I have prepared for My righteous servants what no eye has seen, no ear has heard, and it has never crossed the mind of man.'') Abu Hurayrah said: "Recite, if you wish:فَلاَ تَعْلَمُ نَفْسٌ مَّآ أُخْفِىَ لَهُم مِّن قُرَّةِ أَعْيُنٍ "No person knows what is kept hidden for them of delights of eyes." It was also recorded by Muslim and At-Tirmidhi. At-Tirmidhi said, "It is Hasan Sahih.''

    In another version of Bukhari: «وَلَا خَطَرَ عَلَى قَلْبِ بَشَرٍ، ذُخْرًا مِنْ بَلْهِ مَا أُطْلِعْتُمْ عَلَيْه» "and no body has ever even imagined of. All that is reserved, besides which, all that you have seen is nothing.''

    It was also reported from Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, that the Prophet said:«مَنْ يَدْخُلِ الْجَنَّةَ يَنْعَمْ لَا يَبْأَسْ، لَا تَبْلَى ثِيَابُهُ، وَلَا يَفْنَى شَبَابُهُ، فِي الْجَنَّةِ مَا لَا عَيْنٌ رَأَتْ، وَلَا أُذُنٌ سَمِعَتْ، وَلَا خَطَرَ عَلى قَلْبِ بَشَر»"Whoever enters Paradise, will enjoy a life of luxury and never feel deprivation, his clothes will never wear out, his youth will never fade. In Paradise there is what no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard, and has never crossed the mind of man." This was recorded by Muslim.

  • The Qur'an is similar to the Book which was given to the Prophet Musa (Moses).

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Miscellaneous Issues

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