Overview - Surah 101: al-Qari`ah (The Calamity )

Surah Introduction

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The Surah gives the warning about the Day of Judgment.  It will be the day of great clamor. People will be scattered and the mountains will crumble. Only those whose balance will be weighty will prosper.

This Surah takes its name from the first Ayat, الْقَارِعَةُ "The Striking Calamity" [101:1]

There are 11 Ayat in this Surah.

Overview

Total Ayat11
Total Words *36
Root Words *21
Unique Root Words *0
Makki / MadaniMakki
Chronological Order* 30th (according to Ibn Abbas)
Year of Revelation* 7th year of Prophethood
Events during/before this Surah*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 1, 2nd Migration to Abyssinia, Physical beating and torture of some Muslims - 1st Migration of Muslims to Abyssinia, Public Invitation to Islam - Persecution of Muslims; antagonism - ridicule - derision - accusation - abuse and false propaganda., Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam , Revelation begins - Private Invitation to Islam
Events during/after still to occur*
Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 2,Boycott of Banu Hashim Yr 3,Death of Abu Talib - Death of Khadijah - Stoning at Ta'if - al-Isra wal Mi'raj - Night Journey,1st Pledge of Aqabah,2nd Pledge of Aqabah,,Migration from Makkah to Madinah - Building of Masjid Nabi in Madinah - Treaty with Jews of Madinah - Marriage of Prophet to Aishah,Change of Qiblah from Jerusalem to Makkah - Battle of Badr,Battle of Uhud,,Battle of Ahzab - Expedition of Banu Quraydhah,Treaty of Hudaiybiyah - Letters to Kings and Rulers,,Conquest of Makkah - Battle of Hunain,Hajj led by Abu Bakr - Expedition of Tabuk,Farewell Hajj by Prophet - Death of Prophet - End of Divine Revelation
Names of Prophets Mentioned
No Prophets names are mentioned in this Surah
Surah Index
Hell, Judgement (Day) , Judgement (Day) (like tufts of wool)

Central Theme

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Its theme is Resurrection and the Hereafter. At the outset, the people have been aroused and alarmed, saying: “The Great Disaster! What is the Great Disaster? And what can make you know what the Great Disaster is?” Thus, after preparing the listeners for the news of the dreadful calamity, Resurrection has been depicted before them in two sentences, saying that on that Day people will be running about in confusion and bewilderment just like so many scattered moths around a light, and the mountains uprooted, will their cohesion and will fly about like carded wool. Then, it has been said that when God’s Court is established in the Hereafter, the people are called upon to account for their deeds. The people whose good deeds are found to be heavier than their evil deeds, will be blessed with bliss and happiness, and the people whose good deeds are found to be lighter than their evil deeds, will be cast into the deep pit full of burning fire.

Connection of the name of the Surah and its Ayaat

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Connection between the beginning and the ending of the Surah

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Manuscripts / Inscriptions

Connection of the Surah to the Surah before/after it

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  • Surah al-Adhiyat [100] and al-Qari'ah [101] both have 11 Ayat.

The Virtues of the Surah

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Special Features of the Surah

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Important key and unique words of the Surah

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123 Total Word Count per Ayat (shows how many words per Ayat) *

Period of Revelation

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There is no dispute about its being a Makkan Surah. Its contents show that this too is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed at Makkah.

Background Reasons for Revelation

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Relevant Hadith

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Lessons/Guidance/Major-Issues/Reflections

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  • A scene explaining the Day of Judgement.

Tafsir Zone

Wiki Forum

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Miscellaneous Issues

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External Links

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