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In the context of God’s Messenger’s exhortation to the believers to fight, towards the end of the passage, and the reference to those who discourage and dampen the spirit to fight, at its beginning, the sūrah states a general rule regarding intercession. The statement implies instruction, advice and co-operation. “Whoever rallies to a good cause shall have a share in its [benefit], and whoever rallies to an evil cause shall have a share in its [burden]. God watches over everything.” (Verse 85)
Whoever participates in mobilising and encouraging and supporting others to fight for the cause of God will receive his due share of the reward for the fighting and its consequences. But those who promote demoralisation and discouragement will bear responsibility for the outcome of their exhortations. The Arabic term kill chosen in this context suggests liability for the consequences as well as the actions themselves.
This is a universal principle, which applies to intercession for good or for evil. The
Qur’ān often establishes a general principle through the discussion of a particular issue or event, linking the two together and referring the whole question to God Almighty. He is the source of everything and the source of all power, as the Arabic word used in commenting on the verse indicates: “God watches over everything.” (Verse 85)