Surah al-`Alaq (The Clinging Substance) 96 : 4

ٱلَّذِى عَلَّمَ بِٱلْقَلَمِ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
Who taught by the pen -

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

Here also emerges the fact of man’s teaching by the Creator. The pen has always been the most widespread means of learning and it has always had the most far-reaching impact on man’s life. This fact was not as clear at the time of revelation as it is now. But God knows the value of the pen; hence, this reference to the pen at the beginning of this His final message to humanity, in the first surah of the Qur’an. Yet God’s Messenger charged with the delivery of this message could not write. Had the Qur’an been his own composition, he would not have stressed this fact at the first moment. But the Qur’an is a message God has revealed.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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This Surah has two parts: the first part consists of v. 1-5, and the second of v. 6-19. About the first part, a great majority of the Islamic scholars are in agreement that it forms the very first Revelation to be sent down to the Prophet. In this regard, the hadith from the Prophets wife (A’isha), which Imam Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, and other traditionists have related with several chains of authorities, is one of the most authentic hadith on the subject. In it A’isha has narrated the full story of the beginning of revelation as she herself heard it from the Messenger of God. Besides, Ibn Abbas, Abu Musa al-Ashari and a group of the Companions also are reported to have stated that these were the very first verses of the Qur’an to be revealed to the Prophet. The second part was sent down afterwards when the Prophet began to perform the prescribed Prayer in the precincts of the Ka’bah and his arch enemy (Abu Jahl) tried to prevent him from this with threats.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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