Surah al-A`la (The Most High ) 87 : 7

إِلَّا مَا شَآءَ ٱللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ يَعْلَمُ ٱلْجَهْرَ وَمَا يَخْفَىٰ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
Except what Allāh should will. Indeed, He knows what is declared and what is hidden.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

Every time the Qur’an states a definite promise or constant law, it follows it with a statement implying that divine will is free of all limitations and restrictions, even those based on a promise or law from God. For His will is absolute. Here, the surah emphasizes this principle after the promise is made to the Prophet that he will never forget any part of the Qur’an: “except what God wills.” The two are complementary in the sense that the promise is within divine will. So we look forward to God’s fulfilment of what He has willed to promise.

“He knows what is manifest and what is kept hidden.” This is stated here by way of giving a reason for all that has passed: teaching to read, freedom from forgetfulness and the exception made to it. Everything is decided according to the wisdom of the One who knows the secret and the manifest. He views everything from all angles and makes His decisions on the basis of His unfailing knowledge.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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The subject matter shows that this too is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed, and the words: “We shall enable you to recite, then you shall never forget” of verse 6 also indicate that it was sent down in the period when the Messenger was not yet fully accustomed to receiving Revelation and at the time Revelation came down he feared lest he should forget its words. If this verse is read along with verse 114 of Surah 20: Ta Ha and verses 16-19 of Surah 75: al-Qiyamah (The Resurrection) and the three verses are also considered with regard to their styles and contexts, the sequence of events seems to be that first in this Surah the Prophet was reassured to the effect: “Do not at all worry: We shall enable you to recite this Word, then you shall not forget it.” Then after a lapse of time, on another occasion, when Surah 75: al-Qiyamah was being revealed, the Prophet involuntarily began to rehearse the words of the Revelation. Thereupon it was said: “O Prophet do not move your tongue to remember this Revelation hastily. It is for Us to have it remembered and read. Therefore when We are reciting it, listen to its recital carefully. Again, it is for Us to explain its meaning.” Last of all, on the occasion of the revelation of Surah 20: Ta Ha, the Prophet on account of human weakness, again became afraid lest his memory should fail to preserve some portion of the 113 verses which were continuously revealed at that time, and therefore, he began to memorise them. Thereupon, it was said: “And see that you do not hasten to recite the Qur’an before its revelation is completed to you.” After this, it never so happened that he felt any such danger, for apart from these three places, there is no other place in the Qur’an where there might be a reference to this matter.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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