Surah al-Jumu`ah (Friday) 62 : 9
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(the) call is made
for (the) prayer
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
Friday Prayer is a weekly prayer that must be offered in congregation. It cannot be offered by anyone on his own. Muslims meet in Friday Prayer and listen to a sermon that reminds them of their duties towards God. We can say that it is an organizational prayer, following the Islamic method of preparing for this life and the life to come together by the same measures and the same acts of worship. Friday Prayer gives a clear and specific impression of the nature of the Islamic faith and the Muslim community; which we explained in our commentary on the previous surah, The Ranks.
There are many a hadith that speak of the value, importance and special position of this prayer, encouraging its observation after preparing for it by undertaking specific cleanliness and purification rituals. Ibn'Umar quotes the Prophet as saying: "When any of you wishes to attend Friday Prayer, he should take a bath." [Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.] Aws ibn Aws quotes the Prophet as saying: "Whoever washes himself and takes a bath on Friday, going out early, walking to the mosque rather than riding, draws close to the imam, listens and refrains from idle talk, will be rewarded for each step the equivalent of fasting and observing night prayer for a whole year." [Related by al-Nasai, Abu Dawud, al¬Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah] Imam Ahmad reports on the authority of Abu Ayyub al-Anson that he heard the Prophet saying: "Whoever takes a bath on Friday, wears a touch of perfume if he has it, puts on some of his best clothes, goes out to the mosque where he offers voluntary prayers if he so wishes, doing no harm to anyone, listens to the imam when he delivers his sermon and then joins the prayer, all his sins between that prayer and the Friday before it will be forgiven."
The first verse in this section orders Muslims to leave off all business once they hear the call to prayer: "Believers! When the call to prayer is made on Friday, go straightaway to the prayer and leave off your trading." (Verse 9) It provides encouragement for so abandoning anything related to the life of this world and its concerns: "This is best for you, if you but knew it." (Verse 9) This suggests that leaving off trade and business was not easy; it required such encouragement. Moreover, it provides good and repeated education. Every now and then, people need a period of time when they free themselves from their preoccupation with earning a living and the attractions of worldly life. They need such periods when they can be in close contact with their Lord, glorifying Him and experiencing the happiness resulting from dedication to His service. They need to fill their hearts and lungs with the pure, clean and refreshing air that comes with such dedication.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
This is the only Surah of the Qur'an with the word Jumu'ah [Friday].