Surah al-Mujadilah (The Contention) 58 : 10
|Click word/image to view Qur'an Dictionary|
the secret counsels
that he may grieve
he (can) harm them
by Allah's permission
by Allah's permission
let put (their) trust
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
However, the surah reassures the believers that Satan will not achieve his purpose: "Secret conversation is the work of Satan, designed to cause grief to the believers. Yet he cannot harm them in the least, unless it be by God's leave. in God, then, let the believers place their trust." Believers place their trust in God and in no one else.
The Prophet repeatedly advised against secret conversations whenever such talk caused doubt, anxiety and apprehension. He is quoted by Ibn Mas cad as saying: "When there are only three of you, let there be no discussion between two of them to the exclusion of the third, for this is bound to grieve him." [Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.]
This is an aspect of fine manners, and a wise precaution against what causes suspicion. Sometimes, however, there is need for a private discussion in order to keep a secret, or to avoid a scandal. This is acceptable and it normally takes place among community leaders. It must never, however, be through a side group with the rest of the community unaware of what is going on. Such a practice is divisive and leads to friction and grief, which is Satan's aim. God's promise is definitive. Satan will not achieve his purpose by such means, because God will protect the Muslim community. He is fully aware of every secret conversation, every conspiracy against the Muslim community. Satan can never harm the believers "unless it be by God's leave." This exception is added to emphasize that God's will is absolute and free of restriction in any situation to which His promise applies."In God, then, let the believers place their trust." He is the Guardian who protects the believers. He is the Almighty who knows all, the Witness to all things. Nothing in the universe escapes His knowledge. Nothing occurs unless it be by His will. He has promised to protect the believers. Could there by anything more reassuring?
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
There is no hadith to tell as to when this incident of pleading and arguing took place, but there is a hint in the subject matter of the Surah on the basis of which it can be said with certainty that it happened sometime after the battle of the Trench (Shawwal, 5 A.H.). In Surah 33: al-Ahzab (The Confederates), God while negating that an adopted son could be one’s real son, had just said this and no more; “And God has not made those of your wives whom you divorce by dhihar your mothers.” But in that Surah there was nothing to the effect that to divorce a wife by dhihar was a sin or a crime, nor anything about the legal injunction concerning it. Contrary to it, in this Surah the whole law relating to dhihar has been laid down, which shows that these detailed injunctions were sent down some time after the brief reference to it in Surah 33: al-Ahzab (The Confederates).