Surah Ale-Imran (The Family Of Imran ) 3 : 37
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So accepted her
and reared her
and put her in (the) care
[the] prayer chamber
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
“Her Lord graciously accepted her. He made her grow up a goodly child.” This acceptance is given in return for the dedication which fills the mother’s heart and motivates her to make such a dedicated vow. God’s gracious acceptance of Mary also serves as a preparation for her to receive the breathing of God’s spirit and His word so that she will be able to give birth to Jesus in a way which is totally unfamiliar to human beings. God “placed her in the, care of Zachariah.” He made Zachariah, the chief of-tie Jewish temple, the custody of which was entrusted to Aaron’s priestly descendants, Mary’s guardian.
Mary was a blessed child, enjoying a state of Abundance. God ensured that she would always have an Abundance of everything: “Whenever Zachariah visited her in the sanctuary he found her provided with food. He would say:’ Mary, where has this come to you from?’ She would answer: ‘It is from God. God gives sustenance to whom He wills, beyond all reckoning.’”
We do not wish to indulge in any discussion of the nature of the provisions made available to Mary as others have done. It is sufficient for us to know that she was a blessed child whose blessings benefited others around her. She had more than she needed of everything which may be termed as “provisions”. Her guardian, himself a Prophet, wondered at this Abundance and asked her how and where she got it from. A humble servant of God as she was, she would acknowledge God’s grace, saying no more than: “It is from God. God gives sustenance to whom He wills, beyond all reckoning.”
Her answer is indicative of the relationship between a believer and her Lord. She keeps to herself the secret which exists between Him and her, referring to it with modesty, and without any trace of boastfulness. This unfamiliar aspect which makes Zachariah wonder serves as a prelude to the forthcoming wonders associated with the birth of John and with the birth of Jesus.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
قاعدة نحوية: يقول سيبويه في التقديم والتأخير: يقدمون الذي هو أهمّ لهم وهم أعنَى به.والتقديم والتأخير في القرآن الكريم يقرره سياق الآيات فقد يتقدم المفضول وقد يتقدم الفاضل. والكلام في الآية في سورة آل عمران والآيات التي سبقتها في مريم عليها السلام وليس في زكريا ولا في المحراب لذا قدّم عليها لأن الكلام كله عن مريم عليها السلام. [Be the first to translate...Ref: Dr. Faadil as-Samara'ee]
ما اللمسات البيانية في الآية (إنَّ اللّهَ يَرْزُقُ مَن يَشَاء بِغَيْرِ حِسَابٍ (37)) وكيف يكون بغير حساب؟ هو لم يقل بغير حكمة وإنما قال بغير حساب. بغير حساب. هذه العبارة (بغير حساب) تحمل عدة معاني مهمة أولاً معناه لا يحاسبه أحد عما يفعل يرزق من يشاء ولا يسأله أحد لِمَ فعلت هذا؟ وهو لا يحاسب المرزوق على قدر الطاعة يعني هو لا يرزق الناس على قدر طاعتهم (كُلاًّ نُّمِدُّ هَـؤُلاء وَهَـؤُلاء مِنْ عَطَاء رَبِّكَ وَمَا كَانَ عَطَاء رَبِّكَ مَحْظُورًا (20) الإسراء) يعني ليس الرزق دليلاً على رضى الله عن العبد وليس المنع دليلاً على سخط الله، هذا ليس في حسابه تعالى عندما يرزق، ليس في حسابه أن هذا مطيع فينبغي أن يمنع وليس في حسابه أن هذا عاصي فينبغي أن يُحرم، ربنا قال هكذا (كُلاًّ نُّمِدُّ هَـؤُلاء وَهَـؤُلاء مِنْ عَطَاء رَبِّكَ) من غير تقتير ثم أمر آخر أنه لا يخشى أن تنفد خزائنه وتنتهي كما سائر الناس، الناس عندما ينفقون شيئاً يتأكدون هل عنده رصيد؟ هنالك أمور ينبغي أن يفعلها لكن ليس عنده رصيد حتى الدول عندما تنفق تحسب حساباً أما رب العالمين يرزق بغير حساب لأن خزائنه لا تنتهي. كل المعاني مقصودة وهذا الإعجاز الذي فيها. ثم من غير حساب من العبد يرزق العبد من غير أن يكون له حساباً (وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا (2) وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ (3) الطلاق) ما كان له حساباً. إذن (بغير حساب) هو لا يُسأل عما يفعل لا يحاسبه أحد ويرزق كما يشاء ولو كان هناك مسؤول في الدولة يرزق عليه تدقيق ومحاسبة لكن ربنا تعالى لا يُسأل عما يفعل، و لايحاسب المرزوق أي لا يرزقه بحسب الطاعة من غير حساب لهذه المسألة ولا يخشى أن تنفد خزائنه ومن غير حساب من العبد يرزقه من حيث لا يحتسب، العبد يُرزق من غير أن يحسب لذلك حساباً. هذا توسع في المعنى، كل هذه المعاني في (يرزق من يشاء بغير حساب) هذه الآية من جوامع الكلم. سؤال: ما معنى جوامع الكلِم؟ عبارة تأتي بمعانٍ كثيرة ومدلولات كثيرة. [Be the first to translate...Ref: Dr. Faadil as-Samara'ee]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
“This Surah consists of four discourses:
- The first discourse (v. 1-32) was probably revealed soon after the Battle of Badr.
- The second discourse (v. 33-63) was revealed in 9 A.H. (After Hijrah - migration from Makkah to Madinah) on the occasion of the visit of the deputation from the Christians of Najran.
- The third discourse (v. 64-120) appears to have been revealed immediately after the first one.
- The fourth discourse (v. 121-200) was revealed after the Battle of Uhud.” [Mawdudi]
8. Reasons for Revelation[ edit ]
1. The Believers had met with all sorts of trials and hardships about which they had been forewarned in Al-Baqarah. Though they had come out victorious in the Battle of Badr they were not out of danger yet. Their victory had aroused the enmity of all those powers in Arabia which were opposed to the islamic Movement. Signs of threatening storms had begun to appear on all sides and the Muslims were in a perpetual state of fear and anxiety. It looked as if the whole Arabian world around the tiny state of Madinah - which was no more than a village state at that time - was bent upon blotting out its very existence. This state of war was also adversely affecting its economy which had already been badly disturbed by the influx of the Muslim refugees from Makkah.
2. Then there was the disturbing problem of the Jewish clans who lived in the suburbs of Madinah. They were discarding the treaties of alliance they had made with the Prophet after his migration from Makkah. So much so that on the occasion of the Battle of Badr these people of the Book sympathized with the evil aims of the idolaters in spite of the fact that their fundamental articles of Faith - Monotheism, Prophethood and Life-after-death - were the same as those of the Muslims. After the Battle of Badr they openly began to incite the Quraysh and other Arab clans to wreak their vengeance on the Muslims. Thus those Jewish clans set aside their centuries-old friendly and neighbourly relations with the people of Madinah. At last when their mischievous actions and breaches of treaties became unbearable the Prophet attacked the Bani-Qaynuqah, the most mischievous of all the other Jewish clans who had conspired with the hypocrites of Madinah and the idolatrous Arab clans to encircle the Believers on all sides. The magnitude of the peril might be judged from the fact that even the life of the Prophet himself was always in danger. Therefore his Companions slept in their armours during that period and kept watch at night to guard against any sudden attack and whenever the Prophet happened to be out of sight even for a short while they would at once set out in search of him.
3. This incitement by the Jews added fuel to the fire which was burning in the hearts of the Quraysh and they began to make preparations to avenge the defeat they had suffered at Badr. A year after this an army of 3000 strong marched out of Makkah to invade Madinah and a battle took place at the foot of Mount Uhud. The Prophet came out of Madinah with one thousand men to meet the enemy. While they were marching to the battlefield three hundred hypocrites deserted the army and returned to Madinah but there still remained a small band of hypocrites among the seven hundred who accompanied the Prophet. They played their part and did their utmost to create mischief and chaos in the ranks of the Believers during the Battle. This was the first clear indication of the fact that within the fold of the Muslim Community there was quite a large number of saboteurs who were always ready to conspire with the external enemies to harm their own brethren.
4. Though the devices of the hypocrites had played a great part in the set-back at Uhud, the weaknesses of the Muslims themselves contributed no less to it. And it was but natural that the Muslims should show signs of moral weakness for they were a new community which had only recently been formed on a new ideology and had not as yet got a thorough moral training. Naturally in this second hard test of their physical and moral strength some weaknesses came to the surface. That is why a detailed review of the Battle of Uhud was needed to warn the Muslims of their shortcomings and to issue instructions for their reform. It should also be noted that this review of the Battle is quite different from the reviews that are usually made by generals on similar occasions.