Surah Ale-Imran (The Family Of Imran ) 3 : 3

نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ ٱلْكِتَٰبَ بِٱلْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنزَلَ ٱلتَّوْرَىٰةَ وَٱلْإِنجِيلَ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

These initial verses provide an affirmation of several essential principles in formulating the correct ideological concept, i.e. Islam, and for silencing the people of earlier revelations and others who denied the Prophet’s message and its Divine source. It states first the unity of the source which reveals Divine messages to Prophets and Messengers. It is God the only deity, the Ever-living, the Eternal Master of all Who has revealed this Qur’ān as He has indeed revealed the Torah to Moses and the Gospel to Jesus (pbuh them). There can, therefore, be no confusion between the position of the Divine Being and that of His servants. There is only One God Who reveals messages to His chosen servants. For their part, they are servants who submit themselves to God, despite the fact that they are Prophets sent with messages from Him.

  • التَّوْرَاةَ - Torah - This is first reference of Torah in the Qur'an. It does not appear in any Makki Surah. This word is mentioned 18 times in the Qur'an. The last reference to this word in the Qur'an is in Surah al-Jumuah (62:5)
  • ٱلْإِنجِيلَ - Gospel - This is the first occurance of this word in the Mushaf. This word occurs 12 times in the Qur'an. The last reference to this word in the Mushaf is (57:27)
  • مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ - "من الكتب السابقة؛ فهو المزكي لها؛ فما شهد له فهو المقبول، وما رده فهو المردود، وهو المطابق لها في جميع المطالب التي اتفق عليها المرسلون، وهي شاهدة له بالصدق، فأهل الكتاب لا يمكنهم التصديق بكتبهم إن لم يؤمنوا به؛ فإنَّ كفرهم به ينقض إيمانهم بكتبهم. السعدي: 121 [Be the first to translate this....]

2. Linguistic Analysis

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  • Took it down  نَ زَّلَ (nazala) to Prophet Muhammed صلىالله عليه و سلّم and gave it to him in stages.  All the previous scriptures Allah revealed were revealed all at one time. [reference needed] That is why when talking about them Allah uses  أَنْ زَلَ (anzala).
  • ما الفرق بين دلالة كلمة الكتاب والقرآن؟
    من ناحية اللغة كلمة قرآن هي في الأصل في اللغة مصدر الفعل قرأ مثل غفران وعدوان. ثم استعملت عَلَماً للكتاب الذي أُنزل على الرسول r (. أما الكتاب فهي من الكتابة وأحياناً يسمى كتاباً لأن الكتاب متعلق بالخط، وأحياناً يطلق عليه الكتاب وإن لم يُخطّ (أنزل الكتاب) لم يُنزّل مكتوباً وإنما أُنزل مقروءاً ولكنه كان مكتوباً في اللوح المحفوظ قبل أن ينزّل على رسول الله . أما من ناحية الإستعمال فيلاحظ أنه يستعمل عندما يبدأ بالكتاب يكون يتردد في السورة ذكر الكتاب أكثر بكثير مما يتردد ذكر القرآن أو قد لا تذكر كلمة القرآن مطلقاً في السورة. أما عندما يبدأ بالقرآن يتردد في السورة ذكر كلمة القرآن أكثر الكتاب أو قد لا يرد ذكر الكتاب مطلقاً في السورة وإذا اجتمع القرآن والكتاب فيكونان يترددان في السورة بشكل متساو تقريباً ونأخذ بعض الأمثلة:في سورة آل عمران بدأ السورة بالكتاب (نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقاً لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالإِنجِيلَ {3}) وورد الكتاب 33 مرة في السورة ولم ترد كلمة القرآن ولا مرة في السورة كلها  [Be the first to translate...][Ref: Dr. Faadil as-Samara'ee].


Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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“This Surah consists of four discourses:

  • The first discourse (v. 1-32) was probably revealed soon after the Battle of Badr.
  • The second discourse (v. 33-63) was revealed in 9 A.H. (After Hijrah - migration from Makkah to Madinah) on the occasion of the visit of the deputation from the Christians of Najran.
  • The third discourse (v. 64-120) appears to have been revealed immediately after the first one.
  • The fourth discourse (v. 121-200) was revealed after the Battle of Uhud.” [Mawdudi]

8. Reasons for Revelation

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1. The Believers had met with all sorts of trials and hardships about which they had been forewarned in Al-Baqarah. Though they had come out victorious in the Battle of Badr they were not out of danger yet. Their victory had aroused the enmity of all those powers in Arabia which were opposed to the islamic Movement. Signs of threatening storms had begun to appear on all sides and the Muslims were in a perpetual state of fear and anxiety. It looked as if the whole Arabian world around the tiny state of Madinah - which was no more than a village state at that time - was bent upon blotting out its very existence. This state of war was also adversely affecting its economy which had already been badly disturbed by the influx of the Muslim refugees from Makkah.

2. Then there was the disturbing problem of the Jewish clans who lived in the suburbs of Madinah. They were discarding the treaties of alliance they had made with the Prophet after his migration from Makkah. So much so that on the occasion of the Battle of Badr these people of the Book sympathized with the evil aims of the idolaters in spite of the fact that their fundamental articles of Faith - Monotheism, Prophethood and Life-after-death - were the same as those of the Muslims. After the Battle of Badr they openly began to incite the Quraysh and other Arab clans to wreak their vengeance on the Muslims. Thus those Jewish clans set aside their centuries-old friendly and neighbourly relations with the people of Madinah. At last when their mischievous actions and breaches of treaties became unbearable the Prophet attacked the Bani-Qaynuqah, the most mischievous of all the other Jewish clans who had conspired with the hypocrites of Madinah and the idolatrous Arab clans to encircle the Believers on all sides. The magnitude of the peril might be judged from the fact that even the life of the Prophet himself was always in danger. Therefore his Companions slept in their armours during that period and kept watch at night to guard against any sudden attack and whenever the Prophet happened to be out of sight even for a short while they would at once set out in search of him.

3. This incitement by the Jews added fuel to the fire which was burning in the hearts of the Quraysh and they began to make preparations to avenge the defeat they had suffered at Badr. A year after this an army of 3000 strong marched out of Makkah to invade Madinah and a battle took place at the foot of Mount Uhud. The Prophet came out of Madinah with one thousand men to meet the enemy. While they were marching to the battlefield three hundred hypocrites deserted the army and returned to Madinah but there still remained a small band of hypocrites among the seven hundred who accompanied the Prophet. They played their part and did their utmost to create mischief and chaos in the ranks of the Believers during the Battle. This was the first clear indication of the fact that within the fold of the Muslim Community there was quite a large number of saboteurs who were always ready to conspire with the external enemies to harm their own brethren.

4. Though the devices of the hypocrites had played a great part in the set-back at Uhud, the weaknesses of the Muslims themselves contributed no less to it. And it was but natural that the Muslims should show signs of moral weakness for they were a new community which had only recently been formed on a new ideology and had not as yet got a thorough moral training. Naturally in this second hard test of their physical and moral strength some weaknesses came to the surface. That is why a detailed review of the Battle of Uhud was needed to warn the Muslims of their shortcomings and to issue instructions for their reform. It should also be noted that this review of the Battle is quite different from the reviews that are usually made by generals on similar occasions.

9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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