Surah al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage ) 22 : 9
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and We will make him taste
(on the) Day
(of) the Burning Fire
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
The sūrah paints a picture of this type of conceited person who ‘turns away in scorn’. Such a person realizes that his attitude lacks sound knowledge and tries to compensate for it by becoming arrogant. His aim is ‘to lead others astray from the path of God.’ He is not satisfied to be astray himself. He wants others to follow his suit.
Such deviant arrogance which leads people astray must be stopped and dealt with severely. Hence, ‘disgrace is in store for them in this world.’ Such disgrace befalls them in contrast with their arrogance. God does not ignore such arrogant people who lead others astray but instead He smashes their arrogance and brings them low, even if this is not immediate. God may give them respite for a while so that their disgrace becomes that much more effective and their punishment in the hereafter that much more severe.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
As this Surah contains the characteristics of both the Makkan and the MadÄ«nan Surahs the commentators have differed as to its period of revelation but in the light of its style and themes we are of the opinion that a part of it (v. 1-24) was sent down in the last stage of the Makkan life of the Prophet a little before migration and the rest (v. 25-78) during the first stage of his Madinah life. That is why this Surah combines the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madinah Surahs.
According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and other great commentators, v. 39 is the first verse that grants the Muslims permission to wage war. Collections of hadith and books on the life of the Prophet confirm that after this permission actual preparations for war were started and the first expedition was sent to the coast of the Red Sea in Safar 2 A.H. which is known as the Expedition of Waddan or Al-Abwa.