Surah al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage ) 22 : 39
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Permission is given
to those who
are being fought
(is) surely Able
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
He has judged their position to be fully justified, because they are the ones who have endured injustice and persecution. They do not resort to aggression against others: “Permission to fight is given to those against whom war is waged, because they have been wronged.” Because they are the ones at the receiving end of wrongful aggression, they are reassured that God will grant them His support and protection: “Most certainly, God has the power to grant them victory.”
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
As this Surah contains the characteristics of both the Makkan and the MadÄ«nan Surahs the commentators have differed as to its period of revelation but in the light of its style and themes we are of the opinion that a part of it (v. 1-24) was sent down in the last stage of the Makkan life of the Prophet a little before migration and the rest (v. 25-78) during the first stage of his Madinah life. That is why this Surah combines the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madinah Surahs.
According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and other great commentators, v. 39 is the first verse that grants the Muslims permission to wage war. Collections of hadith and books on the life of the Prophet confirm that after this permission actual preparations for war were started and the first expedition was sent to the coast of the Red Sea in Safar 2 A.H. which is known as the Expedition of Waddan or Al-Abwa.