Surah al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage ) 22 : 12

يَدْعُوا۟ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ مَا لَا يَضُرُّهُۥ وَمَا لَا يَنفَعُهُۥ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ ٱلضَّلَٰلُ ٱلْبَعِيدُ

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
He invokes instead of Allāh that which neither harms him nor benefits him. That is what is the extreme error.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

So where does the person who worships God on the border line go when he strays from God? In simple terms, “he invokes, instead of God, something that can neither harm nor benefit him.” He may invoke an idol or a statue in old fashioned ignorance, or jāhiliyyah, or he may invoke a person, or some authority, or interest, like the different forms of jāhiliyyah that exist at any time or place, whenever human beings abandon belief in God’s oneness and turn their backs on His guidance. But what does all this represent? It is all going astray from the only method in which invocation is of use: “This is the utmost that one can go astray.” Indeed when anyone resorts to invoking such beings instead of God, he takes himself very far away from the truth and the right way leading to it.

“Indeed he invokes one that is far more likely to cause harm than benefit,” be that an idol, Satan, or a human being providing support or protection. None of these can cause the invoker either harm or benefit; indeed, they are more likely to bring him harm than benefit. This harm results, in the spiritual world, from overburdening one’s heart with myth and humiliation. As for the material world, its harm is self-evident.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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As this Surah contains the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madīnan Surahs the commentators have differed as to its period of revelation but in the light of its style and themes we are of the opinion that a part of it (v. 1-24) was sent down in the last stage of the Makkan life of the Prophet a little before migration and the rest (v. 25-78) during the first stage of his Madinah life. That is why this Surah combines the characteristics of both the Makkan and the Madinah Surahs.

According to Ibn Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah and other great commentators, v. 39 is the first verse that grants the Muslims permission to wage war. Collections of hadith and books on the life of the Prophet confirm that after this permission actual preparations for war were started and the first expedition was sent to the coast of the Red Sea in Safar 2 A.H. which is known as the Expedition of Waddan or Al-Abwa.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

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