Surah al-Baqarah (The Cow) 2 : 232
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and they reached
their (waiting) term
in a fair manner
and the Day
(is) more virtuous
and more purer
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
The sūrah directs Muslims not to stand in the way of an estranged wife, whose waiting period has elapsed, if she wants to remarry her divorced husband and they have come to an amicable and honourable agreement to do so.
The verse closes with more exhortations, calling upon the Muslims to be conscious of their accountability to God and to look beyond the objectives of this transient life. They should realise that in ordaining these rules God, who knows all, wishes to elevate their aspirations and bring their society more happiness and harmony. Thus, every action is linked to God and serves as an act of worship aimed at cleansing the individual and all society from immediate materialistic considerations.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
The scholars are unanimous that Surah al-Baqarah is Madani and that it was the first Surah revealed in Madinah. [Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani in Fath al-Bari no. 160/8].
Despite it being the first Surah to be revealed in Madinah, it contains Ayaat from a later period also. In fact, according to Ibn Abbas [as mentioned in Ibn Kathir] the last Ayat revealed to the Prophet was Ayat no. 281 from Surah al-Baqarah and this occurred 8 days or so before his death [which corresponds to the year 11 Hijri].
8. Reasons for Revelation[ edit ]
Al-Tirmidhī reported that Ma`qil ibn Yasār gave his sister in marriage to a Muslim man who later divorced her and she remained divorced until her waiting period had elapsed. After some time they both felt they would like to marry again and the man went to Ma`qil, asking to marry her. Ma`qil was furious and reprimanded the man for divorcing her in the first place, and swore that he would never marry her if he were to live for ever. Al-Tirmidhī adds that, nevertheless, it was God’s will that the couple should have the chance to be reunited. Thus, this verse was revealed. On hearing it, Ma`qil said: “I hear and I obey.” He then called the man and said to him: “You have my blessings to marry her.”
This highly compassionate divine gesture towards people’s feelings and emotions is evidence of God’s boundless mercy towards mankind. The verse as a whole aims to mitigate the trauma of divorce and to educate Muslims in organizing their social affairs realistically and with compassion.
9. Relevant Hadith[ edit ]
- Allah's Messenger said 'Suckling establishes Tahrim if it is on the breast and before Fitam (before weaning, i.e., before the end of the first two years).[Ibn Kathir]
- Prophet said 'My son has died on the breast and he has someone to suckle him in Paradise. [Ibn Kathir]