Surah Maryam (Mary) 19 : 41

وَٱذْكُرْ فِى ٱلْكِتَٰبِ إِبْرَٰهِيمَ ۚ إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
And mention in the Book [the story of] Abraham. Indeed, he was a man of truth and a prophet.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

The account given in this sūrah of the birth of Jesus is concluded with a statement showing the fallacy and singularity of the myth making Jesus God’s son. This is a fabrication upheld by some Christians in their distorted beliefs. The sūrah now gives an account of part of Abraham’s story, demonstrating the singularity and fallacy of pagan beliefs. Abraham is the great ancestor from whom the Arabs claim to descend. In fact the pagan Arabs claimed the custodianship of the Ka (bah, built by Abraham and his son, Ishmael.

In this account, Abraham’s contented, patient and gentle character is shown in sharp relief. We see these aspects of his character in his approach and language. They are also clearly apparent in his behaviour and how he responds to his father’s overbearing attitude. We also feel how God has bestowed His grace on Abraham, compensating him for his father and people, all unbelievers, with goodly offspring that beget a whole nation which has its generous share of prophets and saintly divines. Yet these are followed by generations who neglected prayers and deviated from the path shown them by Abraham to pursue their desires. Those were the unbelievers.

God describes Abraham in the Qur’ān as being ‘a man of truth and a prophet’. The Arabic word, şiddīq, translated here as ‘a man of truth’ has a wider sense than merely being truthful. It connotes that he was always truthful and a firm believer in the truth. Both qualities fit well with his character.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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It was revealed before the first migration to Abyssinia. We learn from an authentic hadith that Ja’afar (a companion of the Prophet) recited v. 1-40 of this Surah to the court of the Negus when the Muslims had been summoned.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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9. Relevant Hadith

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