Surah Al-Isra (The Night Journey ) 17 : 94

وَمَا مَنَعَ ٱلنَّاسَ أَن يُؤْمِنُوٓا۟ إِذْ جَآءَهُمُ ٱلْهُدَىٰٓ إِلَّآ أَن قَالُوٓا۟ أَبَعَثَ ٱللَّهُ بَشَرًا رَّسُولًا

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
And what prevented the people from believing when guidance came to them except that they said, "Has Allāh sent a human messenger?"

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

Before the Prophet Muĥammad was sent as God’s Messenger and even after he began to preach his message, people wallowed under the misconception that a human being could be God’s messenger. Hence they rejected God’s messengers and the messages He revealed to them:

“Nothing has ever prevented people from believing, whenever guidance came to them except that they would say: ‘Can it be that God has sent a human being as His messenger?” (Verse 94).

In this way they turned away from divine guidance.

This misconception results from people’s low rating of their own value and the honourable position God has given them. They thought it totally unlikely that a human being could be chosen by God to be His messenger. This betrayed a lack of understanding of the nature of the universe, the angels, and how, in their angelic form, they are unsuited to life on earth. In order for angels to live on earth, their nature must be modified which would then make it impossible for human beings to recognize them as angels.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of the ascension (Mi’raj). According to the narrations (hadith) on the life of the Prophet, this event happened one year before migration (Hijrah). Thus this Surah was revealed in the last stage of Prophethood in Makkah.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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The Prophet had been propagating Monotheism (Tawhid) for twelve years now. In spite of all the opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly a clan which had not been influenced by the invitation. In Makkah itself, the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community.  A large number of the people from the Aws and Khazraj tribes (two influential clans of Madinah) had also now accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Makkah to Madinah, at behest of the Aws and Khazraj to establish an Islamic state.

9. Relevant Hadith

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10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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