Surah Al-Isra (The Night Journey ) 17 : 79

وَمِنَ ٱلَّيْلِ فَتَهَجَّدْ بِهِۦ نَافِلَةً لَّكَ عَسَىٰٓ أَن يَبْعَثَكَ رَبُّكَ مَقَامًا مَّحْمُودًا

Translations

 
 Muhsin Khan
 Pickthall
 Yusuf Ali
Quran Project
And from [part of] the night, pray with it [i.e., recitation of the Qur’ān] as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.

1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems

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Explanatory Note

“At night, rise from your sleep to recite it in prayer, as an additional offering from you.” (Verse 79)

The instruction here is to the Prophet to rise after having had some sleep in the early part of the night. The Qur’ān is recited in night worship because it is the hard core of prayer and its most important part.

“Your Lord may thus raise you to an honourable station.” (Verse 79)

This is achieved through a constant link with God, manifested by prayer and recitation of the Qur’ān in night worship. Such a position is only achievable in this way. If God’s Messenger (peace be upon him), in his particular status, is instructed to maintain prayer and rise from his sleep at night to worship and recite the Qur’ān, so that he attains the honourable station that is allowed him, certainly other people need to follow suit so that they also may attain the good positions to which they aspire. This is the only way for them to travel. The equipment they need as they go along is thus outlined for them.

2. Linguistic Analysis

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Frequency of Root words in this Ayat used in this Surah *


3. Surah Overview

4. Miscellaneous Information

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5. Connected/Related Ayat

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6. Frequency of the word

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7. Period of Revelation

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The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of the ascension (Mi’raj). According to the narrations (hadith) on the life of the Prophet, this event happened one year before migration (Hijrah). Thus this Surah was revealed in the last stage of Prophethood in Makkah.

8. Reasons for Revelation

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The Prophet had been propagating Monotheism (Tawhid) for twelve years now. In spite of all the opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly a clan which had not been influenced by the invitation. In Makkah itself, the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community.  A large number of the people from the Aws and Khazraj tribes (two influential clans of Madinah) had also now accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Makkah to Madinah, at behest of the Aws and Khazraj to establish an Islamic state.

9. Relevant Hadith

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  • The Prophet Muhammad [saw] said, إذا قام صاحبُ القرآنِ فقرأه باللَّيلِ والنَّهارِ ذكره ، وإن لم يقُمْ به نسِيه “When the Companion of the Qur’ān performs Salah, reciting it by night and day, he retains it and if he doesn’t [use it in] Salah he forgets.” [Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah no. 597 - صحيح [Sahih]

10. Wiki Forum

Comments in this section are statements made by general users – these are not necessarily explanations of the Ayah – rather a place to share personal thoughts and stories…

11. Tafsir Zone

 

12. External Links

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