Surah Al-Isra (The Night Journey ) 17 : 54
|Click word/image to view Qur'an Dictionary|
(is) most knowing
He will have mercy on you
He will punish you
We have sent you
(as) a guardian
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
The sūrah then returns to those unbelievers who responded to the call to rise on the Day of Judgement. All destiny is in God’s hands: He may forgive or punish. They will have to face God’s judgement. The Prophet is no more than a Messenger. He is not their protector against God’s will:
“Your Lord is fully aware of what you are. If He so wills, He will bestow His grace on you; and if so wills, He will inflict punishment on you. We have not sent you, Prophet, to be their guardian. Your Lord is fully aware of all beings that are in the heavens and earth.” (Verses 54-55)
God’s knowledge is absolute. Whatever He may determine of punishment or forgiveness is based on His knowledge. The Prophet’s mission is completed when he has conveyed his message. God’s knowledge encompasses all that is in heaven and earth, including the angels, prophets, human beings and jinn, as well as other creatures which are known only to God.
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of the ascension (Mi’raj). According to the narrations (hadith) on the life of the Prophet, this event happened one year before migration (Hijrah). Thus this Surah was revealed in the last stage of Prophethood in Makkah.
8. Reasons for Revelation[ edit ]
The Prophet had been propagating Monotheism (Tawhid) for twelve years now. In spite of all the opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly a clan which had not been influenced by the invitation. In Makkah itself, the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community. A large number of the people from the Aws and Khazraj tribes (two influential clans of Madinah) had also now accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Makkah to Madinah, at behest of the Aws and Khazraj to establish an Islamic state.