Surah Al-Isra (The Night Journey ) 17 : 46
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And We have placed
they understand it
1. Lessons/Guidance/Reflections/Gems[ edit ]
It is abundantly clear then that these three elders were touched by the Qur’ān, their souls attracted to its message, but they deliberately sealed their hearts to it. As a result, God placed between them and His Messenger a secret seal that could not be seen with the human eye, yet it is felt by the heart. Its effect was to ensure that they would not benefit by the presence of God’s Messenger among them and would not be guided by the Qur’ān he recited. Thus, they would speak to each other about the beauty and the truth of the Qur’ān but would pledge not to listen to it again. They might feel its power again and go out to listen to it anew, but they would remain determined to oppose it, and pledge a word of honour to stop listening to the Qur’ān and its message that addresses both mind and heart. They felt that the message of God’s oneness, which is the central message of the Qur’ān, threatened their interests, privileges and pride:
“And so, when you mention your Lord in the Qur’ān as the One and only God, they turn their backs in aversion.” (Verse 46)
2. Linguistic Analysis[ edit ]
4. Miscellaneous Information[ edit ]
5. Connected/Related Ayat[ edit ]
6. Frequency of the word[ edit ]
7. Period of Revelation[ edit ]
The very first verse indicates that this Surah was revealed on the occasion of the ascension (Mi’raj). According to the narrations (hadith) on the life of the Prophet, this event happened one year before migration (Hijrah). Thus this Surah was revealed in the last stage of Prophethood in Makkah.
8. Reasons for Revelation[ edit ]
The Prophet had been propagating Monotheism (Tawhid) for twelve years now. In spite of all the opposition, Islam had spread to every corner of Arabia and there was hardly a clan which had not been influenced by the invitation. In Makkah itself, the true Believers had formed themselves into a small community. A large number of the people from the Aws and Khazraj tribes (two influential clans of Madinah) had also now accepted Islam. Thus the time had come for the Muslims to emigrate from Makkah to Madinah, at behest of the Aws and Khazraj to establish an Islamic state.